How to Write an Abstract for a Research Proposal

2020-10-26

assalammualaikum i am doctor Shamsul Anwar Mota I am a professor at University Kuala Lumpur – this topic is about how to write an abstract for a research proposal what is an abstract the word abstract comes from the Latin abstract er which means a condensed form of a longer piece of writing it is a brief summary of the proposal approximately 200 words written in one continuous paragraph why is an abstract important the abstract forms the readers initial impression of the work and therefore plays a big role on whether the research project is approved or not what are the types of abstract there are two mean types of abstract descriptive abstract and informative abstract the type of abstract you write depends on your discipline area what is a descriptive abstract a descriptive abstract describes the major points of the project to the reader it is generally used in humanities and social science it includes the background in a purpose and focus of the project but never the methods results and conclusions what is an informative abstract an informative abstract informs all essential points of the project to the reader it is generally used in science engineering and information technology it includes the background aim or purpose methods use and expected outcome of the project conclusion is included in the abstract only after the project has been completed but not in the research proposal what are the elements of an abstract in unique LM IIT final year project research proposal as the discipline in M IIT is information technology the abstract for the research proposal must include the background of the research aim or purpose methods use and the expected outcome conclusion will only be included in the abstract in the thesis after the project has been completed now let us have a look at one example of an extract in unique LM IIT finally a project research proposal the project title in this example is salt hero edutainment application for learning about salt in chemistry this is a final year project for a diploma in multimedia program the first element of the abstract is the background of the research the first part is one important topic in the CGA player initial SPM syllabus for chemistry is salt salt is an ionic compound that results from the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base so this is the introduction to the domain area secondly the student States the problem in order for students to understand the salt topic they need to memorize preparation of salts and its properties however many students find the topic to be difficult because of numerous different combinations of acid and base the second element of the research abstract is aim of research here the students States the aim of the project is to design and develop an edutainment application which consists of two parts delivery of the learning content and interactive learning activities the third element of the research abstract is the methods being used in the project here the students describes the development model content requirements and references and development tool being used the first is the development model it is stated here the instructional system design is the framework that will be used throughout the project is the Addie model it consists of an analysis design development implementation and evaluation phases for the content requirements references it is Theta the design and development of the application will be based on the guidance of chemistry teacher from gamilons MA and Power Learning Center and for the third part which is the development tool it is stated the project will be developed primarily using Adobe Flash Professional the fourth and the final element of the research abstract is the expected outcome the students includes modules and elements to be developed within the project it is stated here the application will include a tutorial section that applies multimedia elements that enhances the content delivery of the topic salt it will also cover virtual lab minigame and quizzes sections that include interactive learning presentation that engages users understanding through the learning activities of the topics finally all the four elements of the research abstract is combined into one continuous paragraph it is dated here one important topic in the CGL player and Malaysia SPM syllabus for chemistry is salt salt is an ionic compound that results from the neutralization reaction of acid and a base in order for students to understand the salt topic they need to memorize preparation of salts and its properties however many students find the topic to be difficult because of the numerous different combinations of acid and base therefore the aim of the project is to design and develop an edutainment application which consists of two parts delivery of the learning content and interactive learning activities of the salt topic the instructional system design is the framework that will be used throughout the project is the Addie model it consists of analysis design development implementation and evaluation phases the design and development of the application will be based on the guidance of chemistry teacher from gamilons mod and Power Learning Centre the project will be developed primarily using Adobe Flash Professional the application will include a tutorial section that applies multimedia elements that enhances the content delivery of the topic salt it will also cover a virtual lab minigame and quizzes sections that include interactive learning presentation that engages users understanding through the learning activities of the topic thank you for watching this learning video the topic was about how to write an extract for a research proposal

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